Tx shoots high then corects itself quickly ?

The General forum is where users can discuss any topic regarding Motorola communications equipment - hardware, software, etc. There are also several focused forums on this board, so please take the time to ensure that your questions doesn't fall into one of those categories before posting here!

Moderator: Queue Moderator

Post Reply
Satelite
Posts: 662
Joined: Sat Aug 12, 2006 10:43 am

Tx shoots high then corects itself quickly ?

Post by Satelite »

Hello:
I have run into several Motorola mobiles in the past several years that when you first key up the transmit freq goes .5 kHz high and some went low but within a very very short time after keyed up would come back on freq.
I have seen this on maxtracs/radius m216/gm300 ect .
It never has been a complaint from the users as it corrects itself so quickly but I was wondering if it could be the Y151 14.4 tx crystal causing this ?
Has anyone else ran into this and what was your fix for this symptom ?
Thanx Satelite
Jim202
Posts: 3581
Joined: Sun Sep 09, 2001 4:00 pm

Re: Tx shoots high then corects itself quickly ?

Post by Jim202 »

Satelite wrote:Hello:
I have run into several Motorola mobiles in the past several years that when you first key up the transmit freq goes .5 kHz high and some went low but within a very very short time after keyed up would come back on freq.
I have seen this on maxtracs/radius m216/gm300 ect .
It never has been a complaint from the users as it corrects itself so quickly but I was wondering if it could be the Y151 14.4 tx crystal causing this ?
Has anyone else ran into this and what was your fix for this symptom ?
Thanx Satelite

It would help greatly if you pointed the finger at a specific radio family rather than generalized the question. Each radio model is different in the type of issue your talking about.

If your pointing the finger at the Maxtrac family, it might help to pull the control board out of the radio and re seat it. The pins that go from one board to the other can get a poor connection and cause the problem you talk about. Moving those pins will clean them and generally the problem will go away.

Jim
Satelite
Posts: 662
Joined: Sat Aug 12, 2006 10:43 am

Re: Tx shoots high then corects itself quickly ?

Post by Satelite »

Hello :
I did point my finger at the radios that have done this.
I Have seen it happen on all of these models listed above.
It can be vhf or uhf doesn't seem to matter.
Yes I have seen the interconnect pins cause issues and have cleaned them to only see the issue still continue.
I could say a D43 16 pin 45 watt maxtrac but then it would be added info of I have seen this on the others too that someone would eventualy say - It would have been nice to know it was seen on other various models now and then.
This to me would indicate a common component in all the radios mentioned such as the 14.4 crystal.
I provided what I thought was important info to be able to get some info on this but if its not enough then well its not enough.
I will next time when I see it again check the 14.4 crystal to see if its causing it.
Just looking for any ones info and experience on this.
Satelite
Al
Posts: 1045
Joined: Tue Sep 04, 2001 4:00 pm

Re: Tx shoots high then corects itself quickly ?

Post by Al »

Every radio, on keyup, has unique frequency characteristics. I won't go so far as to say that 0.5 khz is normal, but the "signature" that each transmitter produces has been used in the pre-MDC days as a way to identify a particular transmitter by analyzing the frequency characteristics at keyup remotely to match a signature with known signatures.
User avatar
Bill_G
Posts: 3087
Joined: Thu Sep 17, 2009 5:00 am

Re: Tx shoots high then corects itself quickly ?

Post by Bill_G »

I would ask what you are using to measure the freq. When I monitor freq error on a service monitor, it's not unusual for it to take a second to settle down. When I look at it on a spectrum analyser, it's rock steady - power comes up at center, and doesn't vary. Only a really fast freq counter like an Agilent will show you the instantaneous freq error.

You may be observing two things - the normal time it takes a radio with a dual vco like the Maxtrac and GM series to settle, as well as the time it takes your monitor to settle on the measured error.

The Maxtrac / GM radios (along with many others) use two VCO's - one for rx and one for tx. After you hit ptt, the first thing that happens is the rcvr is shut down killing the VCO. Then the xmit VCO is powered up. Once it achieves lock (usually under 40mS), the cpu powers the rest of the xmitter. You should have full power in under 100mS from initial keyup. Perfectly acceptable for a voice call, but not so great for synchronous data. The transmitter cannot key / dekey quickly enough in it's timeslot, and then turn the receive back on to hear the system possibly return an ack.
Jim202
Posts: 3581
Joined: Sun Sep 09, 2001 4:00 pm

Re: Tx shoots high then corects itself quickly ?

Post by Jim202 »

I think I have to stand with Bill G on his comments about how are you measuring the frequency error. Unless your trying to use the discriminator output of an active receiver, I don't know of any method the average person can use to see a frequency error in that short of a time frame.

My second concern is that these older radios are not able to meet the narrow band requirements for normal use on say part 90 operation. So about the only place they could be used legally would be on the ham bands. As such, it's an I don't care on the ham bands. By the time this short time frame passes, your just starting to talk into the mic anyway and the radio has settled down on the correct frequency.

Think your trying to be concerned about an issue that you probably can do little about even if you could measure the error.

Jim
Satelite
Posts: 662
Joined: Sat Aug 12, 2006 10:43 am

Re: Tx shoots high then corects itself quickly ?

Post by Satelite »

Hello:
Im seeing it on my service monitor and not all radios do this just a few now and then.
Its not very often I do see it maybe a couple a year.
True the maxtrac is not narrow band compliant but as you said its ham and a couple of murs vhf freqs along with the GMRS band that is still legal 25 kHz wide band yet today that's been on the bench.
As for the Radius M10 / M120 / GM300 they were made in 12.5 narrow band and are legal 12.5 nb from the factory for use yet today.
I do have customers using the narrow band factory radios in the Radius line still today.
Anyway it sounds like I have my answer on the tx freq swing so im satisfied and will not worry about it.
Just thought it was odd to see now and then and wondered if I could do anything bout it.
As I stated it did swing high or low but always corrected itself fast enough that the user never noticed and worked fine.
It wasn't a situation where I saw it on one radio only once but the radio did it every time.
Then next several radios would be steady on the tx so didn't appear to be a random thing but seems to be the just the one radios tx swing id see to not see it again for a long time on another radio.
I think just out of curiousity ill jot down the radios serial model numbers that do this tx swing and how much high or low it was doing and sit back and see if that radio comes in later on down the road and see if I can confirm its just that radio for kicks and giggles.
But as for trying to fix it now im not so concerned with bills info and id bet hes right sounds right and makes sense.
Thanx Satelite
Post Reply

Return to “General Motorola Solutions & Legacy Radio Discussion”